BFI 501 – Criminology, Criminal Law and police administration



Course Description:

Criminology is the study of the law enforcement and criminal justice system.

Forensic Criminology gives students of criminology and criminal justice an introduction to the forensic realm and the applied forensic issues they will face when working cases within the justice system. It effectively bridges the theoretical world of social criminology with the applied world of the criminal justice system. This programme contains relevant and contemporary case examples to demonstrate the application of forensic criminology. It also provides an integrated philosophy with respect to criminology, forensic casework, criminal investigations, and the law. It is an important aspect for students and professionals in the area of criminology, criminal justice, criminal investigation, forensic science, and the law.

The end goal of criminology, of course, is to determine the root causes of criminal behavior and to develop effective and humane means for preventing it. These goals have produced several schools of thought within the discipline, each of which looks at different factors involved in deviant behavior and comes to different conclusions about how best to approach the issues.

Course Structure:

Module 1: Introduction to Criminology
Definition of crime and criminology, Historical Development, Nature, origin and scope of criminology, Criminology and its relations with other social sciences, significance of criminology in forensic science
Module 2: Schools of Criminology
Pre-classical school, Classical school, Neoclassical school, Positive school, Biological school, Constitutional school
Module 3: Classification of crime and criminals
Classification of crime according to mens rea of an individual, Social issues, Deviance and White collar crime, Juvenile Delinquency, Prostitution, Suicide, Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
Module 4: Forms of Crime
Organized crime, Economic crime, Violence crime, Public order crime, Cyber crime and property crime, Cyber crime, Property crime, Terrorism- nature  and forms of terrorism, prosecution and punishment under anti-terrorism
Module 5: Introduction to Criminal Law
Definitions – vices, sin, tort and crime – History of criminal law, constitution, Indian Penal code, Code of Criminal Procedure,           Indian Evidence Act
Module 6: Salient features of Constitution of India
Constitution of India and its Supremacy, History of Constitution of India, Preamble, Citizenship, Fundamental Rights, Directive principles of State Policy – Executive, Legislature and Judiciary
Module 7: Selected Sections of Indian Penal Code (IPC)
Criminal conspiracy, Offences against the state: Waging or attempting to wage war against the state, Sedition – offences against public tranquility: Unlawful assembly, rioting and affray, Offences affecting human body: murder, suicide, hurt, kidnapping and rape, Offences against Property: Theft, Extortion, Robbery, Dacoity, Forgery, False document.     Offences related to marriage: cruelty by husband, dowry death, bigamy, adultery and defamation, Criminal Intimidation – insult and annoyance
Module 8: Selected sections of Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC)
Definition under CrPC, Organizational set up of judiciary in India, Constitution of criminal courts and offices, Jurisdiction and powers of criminal court and officers, courts of sessions, Judicial Magistrate, Executive Magistrate, Public Prosecutors, Informal courts (Nyaya panchayat and Lok Adalats), complaint, Inquiry, Police Report, Investigation, Arrest, Bail, Search seizures, Trial process
Module 9: Selected sections of Indian Evidence Act (IEA)
Definitions, Relevant facts, Evidence: Proved, Disproved, admissibility and relevancy, Relevant evidence in statement form: Admission confessions, dying declarations, Expert opinions, conspiracy evidence, approver evidence, presumption of law and, presumption of fact,        burden of proof, Examination in chief, Cross examination and             Re-examination, Impeaching the credit of witness
Module 10: Criminal Justice System (CJS) & Police Administration
Meaning, Purpose and social relevance of CJS, legislative process, , overview of criminal justice sectors such as, maintenance of law and order, investigation of crimes, protection of life, and production of property rights and prevention of crime. Importance of judicial system in modern society, prosecution system, prison system, investigation of crimes and relations with courts/magistrate, police administration system
Module 11: Criminal Psychology
Meaning, purpose and scope of criminal psychology. Psychological vs. Psycho-analytical Approach to Crime, behaviorist approach to crime, factors affecting criminal psychology contain mental illness, human aggression, violence, and development of personality with special reference to criminal, psychometric tests: Use in Criminal behavior, forensic psychology concept and brain imaging- definition, concept and

purpose of brain imaging.

Module 12: Penology and Corrective Administration
Meaning, objective, philosophy, punishment in ancient, medieval and modern India, guidelines/prison adulates, theories of punishment and recent approaches to punishment.

Student Learning Outcomes:

The students will learn:

  • Identify the role of Correctional Institutions
  • Describe the Criminology and its nature.
  • Differentiate between national and international criminal Laws
  • Analyze theories of Criminology.
  • IPC, CrPC and IEA


Assessment & Evaluation

The students who enrolled as per the course selected are assessed by the allotted assignment and presentation and evaluated by conducting online examination and a viva by our forensic expert. The exam will be conducted by the concerned authority on the specific date and time. The relevant details regarding submission of assignment and presentation, duration of exam, date and time of online examination along with viva is mentioned via mail to the student.

After the successful completion of course along with online assessment, the mark sheets and certificate is generated and sent to the postal address of the student as mentioned in their application form and uploaded documents.


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