Forensic Handwriting and Signature Examination



Course Description:

“Handwriting is the brain writing”. The handwriting is central to the person’s identity. Each person writes in his own unique way which represents the individual characteristic.

The credibility of handwriting is at questioned when any individual tries to forge or alters the genuine handwriting of a writer. Here comes the role of a forensic handwriting and signature expert who analyze and make comparison between disputed and genuine handwriting samples which are mainly admitted and specimen samples of the writer. The questioned handwriting samples need to be compared with the standard handwriting samples. There are certain writing features known as class and individual characteristics that need to be taken into consideration for handwriting verification.

After the comprehensive insight about identification and examination of handwritings, the students will feel competent enough to differentiate between genuine and forged handwriting.

Course Structure:

Module 1: Introduction to Handwriting
Introduction to Handwriting, Development of Handwriting, Principles of Handwriting, Significance of handwriting examination in forensic
Module 2: General Characteristics of Handwriting
Handwriting characteristics: Class and individual characteristics; Line quality, Speed, Slant, Shading, Rhythm, Skill, Movement, Alignment, Relative size and proportions, Pen lifts, Pen pressure,  Pen pause, Hiatus, Commencing and Terminal strokes, Punctuations, Individual characteristics of handwriting, Natural variations in handwriting
Module 3: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors affecting Handwriting
Age, health, injury, mental states, medications, drugs and alcohol, writing instrument used, writing surface and environmental factors
Module 4: Detection and Decipherment in Handwriting
obliterations, additions, overwriting, mechanical and chemical erasures and secret writings, simple forgery, traced forgery, simulated forgery, forgery by trickery, forgery by transplantation using scanners and colour printers, inherent signs of forgery, Standards (Admitted Exemplar and Specimen Samples), Anonymous writing, secret writing
Module 5: Disguised writing/numerals and its Identification
Introduction: Disguised writing, Methods of disguise writing, Disguised Exemplars, Disguised numerals, Considerations in the examination of numbers, Class and Individual characteristics of numerals, Methods of disguise numerals, Comparison of disguised writing and numerals with natural writing and numerals
Module 6: Collection of signatures and handwriting standards
Collected Standards: Amount of standard writing, Similarity in content, Sources for standards, Requested standards: Dictation of material, selection of text, repetition, writing conditions, interruption of dictation and Hand written standards
Module 7: Instrumentation in Handwriting examination
Cameras, Compound microscope, Stereo microscope, magnifying glasses, illuminated torch, Video Spectral Comparator, color filters, geometrical requirements, ESDA, Transmitted light apparatus, Oblique light, UV and IR radiations
Module 8: Computer in Handwriting Forensics
General introduction, Pen movement analysis, Natural Handwriting recognition, Automatic handwriting comparison (Scanning, noise elimination, segmentation and feature extraction), Evaluation system (CADAR FOX, WANDA, FISH)
Module 9: Report Preparation and Presentation
Expert’s opinion, examination in chief, cross examination, Re-Examination, oath taking, summons for evidences, Report writing, preparation of photo charts and case representation in court of law
Module 10: Case studies related to Handwriting examination
Relevant case studies along with report

Student Learning Outcomes: After completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  • Demonstrate report in the court of law.
  • Evaluate the handwriting and their characteristics.
  • Assess the disputed handwriting/Signature.
  • Comparison between disputed and genuine Handwriting/Signature.

Assessment & Evaluation

The students who enrolled as per the course selected are assessed by the allotted assignment and presentation and evaluated by conducting online examination and a viva by our forensic expert. The exam will be conducted by the concerned authority on the specific date and time. The relevant details regarding submission of assignment and presentation, duration of exam, date and time of online examination along with viva is mentioned via mail to the student.

After the successful completion of course along with online assessment, the mark sheets and certificate is generated and sent to the postal address of the student as mentioned in their application form and uploaded documents.


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