Of all the methods of personal identification known to date, fingerprints offer the most successful means of identifying a person. It is today used as an infallible means of identification, all over the world. The science of identification through the examination of fingerprints is known as Dactyloscopy. The definite patterns formed by these fingers offer a means of identification. Identification is the process by which two fingerprints are identified as having made by the same finger of the same person. It is established by examining both the general pattern and ridge characteristics. The comprehensive illustration of fingerprint identification depends on its basic principle of uniqueness, permanence and universality. The fingerprint act as a crucial evidence while investigating the crime scene as it may be present in latent or visible form. Therefore; it is an important role for a forensic examiner in identification and collection of fingerprint. As latent fingerprint may be present at the crime scene, thus it requires certain means of development techniques or enhancement to get visualized.
Fingerprints are often required for immigration services, identifying missing persons, provide biometric security, theft or burglary cases, bank robbery etc.
After the comprehensive insight about identification and examination of fingerprint, the students will feel competent enough to develop and identify fingerprints.