BFI 201 Forensic Fingerprint Development & Examination



Course Description:

Of all the methods of personal identification known to date, fingerprints offer the most successful means of identifying a person. It is today used as an infallible means of identification, all over the world. The science of identification through the examination of fingerprints is known as Dactyloscopy. The definite patterns formed by these fingers offer a means of identification. Identification is the process by which two fingerprints are identified as having made by the same finger of the same person. It is established by examining both the general pattern and ridge characteristics. The comprehensive illustration of fingerprint identification depends on its basic principle of uniqueness, permanence and universality. The fingerprint act as a crucial evidence while investigating the crime scene as it may be present in latent or visible form. Therefore; it is an important role for a forensic examiner in identification and collection of fingerprint. As latent fingerprint may be present at the crime scene, thus it requires certain means of development techniques or enhancement to get visualized.

Fingerprints are often required for immigration services, identifying missing persons, provide biometric security, theft or burglary cases, bank robbery etc.

After the comprehensive insight about identification and examination of fingerprint, the students will feel competent enough to develop and identify fingerprints.

Course Structure:

Module 1: Introduction to Fingerprints
Introduction: Fingerprints, Anatomy and physiology of friction ridge skin, Development of dermal ridges, History, Scope and Significance of Fingerprints
Module 2: Basics of Fingerprints
Principles of Fingerprints, Types of fingerprint pattern, Classification of fingerprints : Primary, Secondary, Sub secondary, Major, Final and Key
Module 3: Fingerprint pattern and ridge characteristics
Types of fingerprint patterns and ridge characteristics, Significance of ridge characteristics
Module 4: Development of Latent Fingerprint
Types of fingerprints, Development of Latent fingerprint: Physical and Chemical method, Development of latent print on human skin or other surfaces, Preservation of developed fingerprints
Module 5: Collection of fingerprints from living persons and from dead bodies
Methods for collecting fingerprint: Rolled fingerprint, Collection of fingerprint from dead bodies at different stages(immediately after death, after rigor mortis or decomposed)
Module 6: Comparison of Fingerprints
Papillary ridge counting Marking of ridge characteristics as identical points, Collection of standards (Admitted samples and Recording of Specimen Samples), comparison unknown fingerprint with the known fingerprint
Module 7: Digital methods of fingerprint comparison
Digital imaging and enhancement, Automatic fingerprint identification system,
Module 8: Poroscopy, Edgeoscopy and Forgery of Finger Prints
Definition of poroscopy and edgeoscopy, Use of poroscopy & edgeoscopy in identification in cases of insufficient ridge details,   Forged latent print and its detection
Module 9: Report Preparation and Presentation
Expert’s opinion, examination in chief, cross examination, Re-examination, oath taking, summons for evidences, report writing and case representation in court of law
Module 10: Case studies related to Fingerprints
Relevant case studies along with report

Student Learning Outcomes: After completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  • Demonstrate report in the court of law.
  • Evaluate the handwriting and their characteristics.
  • Assess the disputed handwriting/Signature.
  • Comparison between disputed and genuine Handwriting/Signature.

Assessment & Evaluation

The students who enrolled as per the course selected are assessed by the allotted assignment and presentation and evaluated by conducting online examination and a viva by our forensic expert. The exam will be conducted by the concerned authority on the specific date and time. The relevant details regarding submission of assignment and presentation, duration of exam, date and time of online examination along with viva is mentioned via mail to the student.

After the successful completion of course along with online assessment, the mark sheets and certificate is generated and sent to the postal address of the student as mentioned in their application form and uploaded documents.


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