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General Forensic Science

Adarsh Mishra
2 Students enrolled
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Module 1: Introduction to Forensic Science
Definitions and concepts in forensic science,  Pioneers in Forensic Science,  Laws and Principles of forensic science, Historical Development Scope of forensic science, Different divisions of Forensic Science
Module 2: Organizational set up of Forensic Science Laboratories
Hierarchical set up of Central Forensic Science Laboratories, Forensic Science Laboratories in India, International Forensic Organizations Government Examiners of Questioned Documents, Fingerprint Bureaus, National Crime Records Bureau, Police & Detective Training Schools, Bureau of Police Research & Development, Directorate of Forensic Science and Mobile Crime Laboratories
Module 3: Forensic Science Scientists: Professional Ethics, Quality and Justice
Roles of Forensic Scientists, Ethical Dimensions in Forensic Science, unethical practice of forensic expert regarding his qualifications and credentials, Quality in forensic evidences, Quality Assurance in forensic science, Validation of particular technique, Competency of the forensic practitioners
Module 4: Crime Scene Investigation
Definition of crime scene, Types of crime scene, Responsibilities of first responder at crime scene, Processing the Crime Scene, Protection and Isolation of the crime scene, Recording the Crime Scene (Note Taking, Photography, Video recording), Sketching of crime scene (Rough Sketch), Searching of physical evidences, Collection and Packaging of physical evidences, Labeling of Physical Evidences, Chain of custody, Forwarding Letter and transportation of physical evidences to the laboratories
Module 5: Forensic Evidences
Evidences, Classification of evidences: Testimony Evidence and Physical Evidence, Classification of Physical Evidence, sources of physical evidence, signification and value of physical evidence, linkage between crime scene, victim and criminal
Module 6: Forensic Biology and Serology
Definition & Scope of Forensic Biology & Serology, Nature & Type of Biological evidences (Both animal & plant origin), various body fluids, their composition & Forensic Importance: Blood, Semen, Saliva, Urine, milk etc. Types of blood groups, DNA profiling
Module 7: Toxicology
Definition, dosage, administration of poisons, Classification of poisons, action of poisons & factors modifying its action, Drugs of Abuse, Signs and symptoms of addiction, Role of toxicologists, Significance of toxicological findings, Functions and roles of toxicologists in a forensic science lab
Module 8: Forensic Physics
Definition & Scope of Forensic Physics, Nature & Types of Physical evidences and examination: Soil, Glass, Paint & Tool marks and their forensic importance
Module 9: Questioned Document Examination
Introduction: Documents, Questioned document, Handwriting and its characteristics (Class and Individual), Principles of Identification, Types of cases in Questioned Documents
Module 10: Fingerprint Examination
Introduction: Fingerprints, types of fingerprints, ridge characteristics, ridge details, ridge counting and tracing, locating, searching and lifting of chance fingerprints, Development of latent fingerprint, significance of Fingerprints
Module 11: Forensic Ballistics
Introduction: Ballistics (Internal, terminal and external), Firearm and its parts, ammunition, types of ammunition, various components of ammunition (Primary charge, Main charge, Projectiles and their types, wads, lubricants etc.), Rifling, Firing mechanism, Forensic identification of firearms
Module 12: Forensic Anthropology
Introduction: Forensic anthropology, History, Scope and Significance of forensic anthropology, Identification of human and non-humans, Estimation of age, sex, on ethnicity and stature